# Functional dependency

<database> Given a relation R (in a relational database), attribute Y of R is functionally dependent on attribute X of R and X of R functionally determines Y of R (in symbols R.X -> R.Y) if and only if each X in R has associated with it precisely one Y in R (at any one time).

Attributes X and Y may be composite.

This is very close to a function in the mathematical sense.

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functionality functional language functional program functional programming functional programming language |