Joint Photographic Experts Group

<image, body, file format, standard> (JPEG) The original name of the committee that designed the standard image compression algorithm.

JPEG is designed for compressing either full-colour or grey-scale digital images of "natural", real-world scenes.

It does not work so well on non-realistic images, such as cartoons or line drawings.

JPEG does not handle compression of black-and-white (1 bit-per-pixel) images or moving pictures.

Standards for compressing those types of images are being worked on by other committees, named JBIG and MPEG.

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Filename extension: .jpg, .jpeg.

See also PJPEG.

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