Super source quench
A special packet designed to shut up an Internet
The Internet Protocol
(IP) has a control message called Source Quench that asks a host to transmit more slowly on a particular connection to avoid congestion.
It also has a Redirect control message intended to instruct a host to send certain packets to a different local router.
A "super source quench" is actually a redirect control packet, forged to look like it came from a local router, that instructs a host to send all packets to its own local loopback address.
This will effectively tie many Internet hosts up in knots.
, breath-of-life packet