Von Neumann ordinal

<mathematics> An implementation of ordinals in set theory (e.g. Zermelo Fränkel set theory or ZFC).

The von Neumann ordinal alpha is the well-ordered set containing just the ordinals "shorter" than alpha.

"Reasonable" set theories (like ZF) include Mostowski's Collapsing Theorem: any well-ordered set is isomorphic to a von Neumann ordinal.

In really screwy theories (e.g. NFU -- New Foundations with Urelemente) this theorem is false.

The finite von Neumann ordinals are the von Neumann integers.

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von Neumann integer
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von Neumann ordinal
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